DEPRECATED Offline Monitoring Archived Data

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Once files are written to tape we run the online plugins on these files to confirm what we were seeing in the online monitoring, and also to update the results from the latest calibration and software. Manual scripts and cron jobs are set up to look for new data and run the plugins over a sample of files.

Every other Friday (usually the Friday before the offline meetings) jobs will be started to run the newest software on all previous runs,and allows everybody to see improvements in each detector. For each launch, independent builds of hdds, sim-recon, the monitoring plugins, and an sqlite file will be generated.

Below the procedures are described for

  1. Preparing the software for the launch
  2. Starting the launch (using hdswif)
  3. Post-analysis of statistics of the launch

Processing the results and making them available to the collaboration is handled in the section Post-Processing Procedures below.

General Information on Procedures

Since we may want to simultaneously run offline monitoring for different run periods that require different environment variables, the scripts are set up so that a generic user can download the scripts and run them from anywhere. Most output directories for offline monitoring are created with group read/write permissions so that any Hall D group user has access to the contents, but there are some cases where use of the account that created the launch is necessary.

The accounts used for offline monitoring are the gxprojN accounts created and maintained by Mark Ito (see here for how each account is used). As of October 2015, the following are used:

  • gxproj1 for running over incoming experimental data (as it hits the tape)
  • gxproj5 for running over previous experimental data (biweekly launches)

For offline monitoring, the hdswif system that Kei developed is used for launching the jobs, and a new cross analysis system based on MySQL and Python is maintained.

The scripts for the monitoring are maintained in svn:

Preparing the software for the launch

1. Update the environment, using the latest desired versions of JANA, the CCDB, etc. Also, the launch software will create new tags of the HDDS and sim-recon repositories, so update the version*.xml file referenced in the environment file to use the soon-to-be-created tags. This must be done BEFORE launch project creation. The environment file is at:

2. Setup the environment. This will override the HDDS and sim-recon in the version*.xml file and will instead use the monitoring launch working-area builds. Call:
source ~/env_monitoring_launch

3. Updating & building hdds:

git pull                # Get latest software
scons -c install        # Clean out the old install: EXTREMELY IMPORTANT for cleaning out stale headers
scons install -j4       # Rebuild and re-install with 4 threads

4. Updating & building sim-recon:

cd $HALLD_HOME/src
git pull                # Get latest software
scons -c install        # Clean out the old install: EXTREMELY IMPORTANT for cleaning out stale headers
scons install -j4       # Rebuild and re-install with 4 threads

5. Create a new sqlite file containing the very latest calibration constants. Original documentation on creating sqlite files are here.

cd $GLUEX_MYTOP/../sqlite/
$CCDB_HOME/scripts/mysql2sqlite/ -uccdb_user ccdb | sqlite3 ccdb.sqlite
mv ccdb.sqlite ccdb_monitoring_launch.sqlite #replacing the old file

6. Updating RCDB (Used for run# queries during job submission):

git pull

Starting a new run period

When a new run period is started, it is best to make sure all top-level directories are created with the right permissions. This can save headaches later on when a different gxprojN account is used for offline monitoring.

1) Create top-level directories


2) Make sure other gxprojN users can write in with chmod g+w [dir name]. Check that permissions match those from previous run periods.

3) Since the publish-to-web scripts are webpage-update scripts, you need to have pre-existing, template versions of a few files for the new run period. It also expects to find comment hooks that include the new run period name, so make sure those are edited in the new template files.

Starting the Launch and Submitting Jobs

1. Download the hdswif directory from svn. For the gxprojN accounts, use the directory ~/monitoring/hdswif.

cd ~/
svn co
cd monitoring/hdswif
chmod 755    #Fix the permissions!

2. Edit the job config file, input.config, which is used to register jobs in hdswif. A typical config file will look this:

PROJECT                       gluex
TRACK                         reconstruction
OS                            centos65
NCORES                        24
DISK                          30
RAM                           18
TIMELIMIT                     4
NTHREADS                      24
JOBNAMEBASE                   offmon_
RUNPERIOD                     2015-03
VERSION                       15
OUTPUT_TOPDIR                 /volatile/halld/offline_monitoring/RunPeriod-[RUNPERIOD]/ver[VERSION] # Example of other  variables included in variable
SCRIPTFILE                    /home/gxproj5/monitoring/hdswif/                             # Must specify full path
ENVFILE                       /home/gxproj5/env_monitoring_launch                                   # Must specify full path
PLUGINS                       TAGH_online,TAGM_online,BCAL_online,CDC_online,CDC_expert,FCAL_online,FDC_online,ST_online_lowlevel,ST_online_tracking,TOF_online,PS_online,PSC_online,PSPair_online,TPOL_online,TOF_TDC_shift,monitoring_hists,danarest,BCAL_Eff,p2pi_hists,p3pi_hists,HLDetectorTiming,BCAL_inv_mass,trackeff_missing,TRIG_online,CDC_drift,RF_online,BCAL_attenlength_gainratio,BCAL_TDC_Timing

3. Creating the workflow: Within SWIF jobs are registered into workflows. For offline monitoring, the workflow names are of the form offline_monitoring_RunPeriod20YY_MM_verVV_hd_rawdata with suitable replacements for the run period year YY, month BB, and the version number VV (with leading zeroes). The command "swif list" will list all existing workflows. Also, for most simple SWIF commands hdswif also provides a wrapper.

swif list

For creation of workflows for offline monitoring the command: create [workflow] -c input.config

should be used. When a config file (here: input.config) is passed in, hdswif will automatically create files that record the configuration of the current launch. These files are stored as for example:

The software packages stored in git (sim-recon and hdds) can have git tags applied to them, which makes it easier to find versions of the software than a SHA-1 hash. hdswif will ask if you would like to create a tag, and execute the following sequence:
git tag -a offmon-201Y_MM-verVV -m "Used for offline monitoring 201Y-MM verVV started on 201y/mm/dd"
git push origin offmon-201Y_MM-verVV
This will only be invoked when the user name is gxprojN, and for the configuration files, the output directory will be /group/halld/data_monitoring/run_conditions/ for gxprojN accounts while it will be the current directory for other users.

4. Registering jobs in the workflow: To register jobs within the workflow, hdswif provides the use of config files. Jobs can be registered by specifying the workflow, config file (-c), run (-r) and file (-f) numbers if necessary. Note: Job configuration parameters can be set differently for jobs within the same workflow if necessary.

Jobs can be added via add [workflow] -c input.config

By default, hdswif will add all files found within the directory /mss/halld/RunPeriod-201Y-MM/rawdata/ where 201Y-MM is specified by the RUNPERIOD parameter in the config file. If only some of the runs or files are needed, these can be specified for example with add [workflow] -c input.config -r 3180 -f '00[0-4]'

to specify to register running only over run 3180 files 000 - 004 (Unix-style brackets and wildcards can be used).

5. Running the workflow: To run the workflow, simply use the hdswif wrapper: run [workflow]

It is recommended that some jobs be tested to make sure that everything is working rather than fail thousands of jobs.
Check the configuration setup when creating a workflow, and what is in Also check the following:

  • Check stderr files. Are they small (<kB)?
  • Check stdout files. Are they very large (>MB)?
  • Check output ROOT files. Are they larger than several MB?
  • Check output REST files. Are they larger than several tens of MB?

For this purpose, hdswif will take an additional parameter to run which limits the number of jobs to submit: run [workflow] 10

in which case only 10 jobs will be submitted.

To submit all jobs after checking the results, do run [workflow]

Checking the Status and Resubmitting

1. The status of jobs can be checked on the terminal with
jobstat -u gxprojN
For the status of jobs on Auger see and for SWIF use
swif list
or for more information,
swif status [workflow] -summary
Note that "swif status" tends to be out of date sometimes, so don't panic if your workflow/jobs aren't showing up right away. Also see the Auger job website. 2. For failed jobs, SWIF can resubmit jobs based on the problem. For resubmission for failed jobs with the same resources,
swif retry-jobs [workflow] -problems [problem name]
can be used, and for jobs to be submitted with more resources, e.g., use
swif modify-jobs [workflow] -ram add 2gb -problems AUGER-OVER_RLIMIT

This only re-stages the jobs, be sure to resubmit them with:

swif run -workflow [workflow] -errorlimit none
hdswif has a wrapper for both of these: resubmit [workflow] [problem]
In this case [problem] can be one of SYSTEM, TIMEOUT, RLIMIT. If SYSTEM is specified, the jobs will be retried. For TIMEOUT and RLIMIT, the jobs will be modified by default with 2 additional hours or GB of RAM. If one more number is added as an option, then that many hours or GB of RAM will be added., e.g., resubmit [workflow] TIMEOUT 5
will add 5 hours of processing time. You can wait until almost all jobs finish before resubmitting failed jobs since the number should be relatively small. Even if jobs are resubmitted for one type of failure, jobs that later fail with that failure will not be automatically resubmitted.

3. For information on swif, use the "swif help" commands and for hdswif see the attached documentaion in

4. Below is a table describing the various errors that can occur.

ERROR NAME Description Resolution hdswif command

SWIF’s attempt to submit jobs to Auger failed. Includes server-side problems as well as user failing to provide valid job parameters (e.g. incorrect project name, too many resources, etc.)

If requested resources are known to be correct resubmit. Otherwise modify job resources using swif directly. resubmit [workflow] SYSTEM


Auger reports the job FAILED with no specific details.

Resubmit jobs. If problem persists, contact Chris Larrieu or SciComp. resubmit [workflow] SYSTEM


Failure to copy one or more output files.Can be due to permission problem, quota problem, system error, etc.

Check if output files will exist after job execution and that output directory exists, resubmit jobs. If problem persists, contact Chris Larrieu or SciComp. resubmit [workflow] SYSTEM


Auger failed to copy one or more of the requested input files, similar to output failures. Can also happen if tape file is unavailable (e.g. missing/damaged tape)

Check if input file exists, resubmit jobs. If problem persists, contact Chris Larrieu or SciComp. resubmit [workflow] SYSTEM


Job timed out.

If more time is needed for job add more resources. Default is to add 2 hrs of processing time. Also check whether code is hanging. resubmit [workflow] TIMEOUT
Default is to add 2 hours. Optionally specify number of hours at end.


Not enough resources, RAM or disk space.

Add more resources for job. resubmit [workflow] RLIMIT
Default is to add 2 GB of RAM. Optionally specify GB at end. To add more disk space use SWIF directly.


Output file specified by user was not found.

Check if output file exists at end of job.


User script exited with non-zero status code.

Your script exited with non-zero status. Check the code you are running.


Job failed owing to a problem with swif (e.g. network connection timeout)

Resubmit jobs. If problem persists, contact Chris Larrieu or SciComp. resubmit [workflow] SYSTEM

Post-analysis of statistics of the launch

After jobs have been submitted, it will usually take a few days for all of the jobs to be processed. The next step is to check the resource usage for the current launch and publish the results online.

  1. Create summary XML, HTML files
    The status and results of jobs are saved within the SWIF internal server, and are available via the command
    swif status [workflow] -summary -runs
    where the arguments -summary and -runs show summary statistics and statistics for individual jobs, respectively. hdswif has a command that takes this output in XML output and creates an HTML webpage showing results of the launch. To do this, do summary [workflow]
    This will create the XML output file from SWIF called swif_output_[workflow].xml and create a webpage containing png figure files. If the XML file already exists, hdswif will ask whether to overwrite the existing file.
  1. Publish output files online
    At this stage the html output and figure files are created and ready to be put online. The html output capabilities of hdswif is useful for any user using SWIF, but since publication of the html output is specific to the offline monitoring, the script to do this is contained in the cross_analysis scripts directory at For the gxprojN accounts this directory should exist as ~/monitoring/cross_analysis. To publish the results online do for example
    python ~/monitoring/cross_analysis/ 2015_03 18
    The script copies the html output and corresponding figures to /group/halld/www/halldweb/html/data_monitoring/launch_analysis/ and also creates a link to it in the html page.
  1. Editing the summary HTML page
    The top page for is offline monitoring and has links to the summary page for each run period. The summary files are
    /group/halld/www/halldweb/html/data_monitoring/launch_analysis/[run period]/[run period].html 
    Edit the file to add a new line to the first table which contains the version number, date, and comments for the current launch
  1. Freezing SWIF tables
    Since we are now finished with the SWIF workflow that we used, the workflow should be "frozen" so that it cannot be mistakenly altered or modified. Do
    swif freeze [workflow]
  2. Backing up SWIF output
    With the workflow frozen we should be able to reproduce the XML output from SWIF, but we will backup the XML output just in case. Do
    cp ~/monitoring/hdswif/xml/swif_output_[workflow].xml /group/halld/data_monitoring/swif_xml_backup/ 

Cross Analysis of Launches

The purpose of the cross analysis is to correlate how resource usage changed for the same files across different launches. To do this it is useful to create MySQL tables that contain information on each launch, and do queries across tables.

  1. The scripts to do this are maintained in the svn directory Do
     svn co 
    For the gxprojN accounts used for offline monitoring the directory should be ~/monitoring/cross_analysis
  1. The main script is, which can be run with
    , where e.g. [RUNPERIOD] = 2015_03, [VERSION] = 22, and [MINVERSION] = 15. However, it is strongly recommended that the commands in this script be run by hand to catch any errors.
  1. Enter the python commands that are in . Below are the steps and explanations:
    1. Create a table for the current launch using
      . The table will be created from the file template_table_schema.sql and contain columns id, run, file, timeChange, cpu_sec, wall_sec, mem_kb, vmem_kb, nevents, input_copy_sec, plugin_sec, final_state, problems
    2. Run
      python [RUNPERIOD] [VERSION]
      The script will gather all of the necessary information either from SWIF output or the stdout files for the jobs
    3. Run
      python [RUNPERIOD] [VERSION]
      This will loop over the jobs in the current launch and create a row in an HTML table that summarizes the statistics for the final state and problems for the jobs. This table row is then inserted into the main HTML webpage for the run period.
    4. Run
      This creates a comparison table of the final state and problems for each file between launches [MINVERSION] and [VERSION]. In the script, the default is to set MINVERSION to be 15 for run period 2015_03, but as long as SWIF was used for all previous launches, any number will work.
    5. Run
      This creates correlation plots of resource use between launches between CMPMINVERSION and VERSION. By default CMPMINVERSION is 5 launches earlier.

Explanation of Scripts

Below are explanations of each script used in the offline monitoring system and a breif explanation of how they work.

hdswif scripts

Summary: is the main script that calls the other utility scripts. For the utility scripts, they can be run standalone by giving the appropriate parameters. Visual graphics are made using the PyROOT extension of ROOT. To use this, the environment variable PYTHONPATH must include ROOTSYS. If ROOTSYS has been set, adding it to PYTHONPATH will be done by the script, but if ROOTSYS is not set, then the scripts will abort.

file name Description

Main script to control the behavior of SWIF. Most commands follow the form [command] [workflow] (options)

Called within to create html output from SWIF results.
  • Called by the "create" option of
  • Creates XML files for logging information about launch. Must specify config file with option -c.
  • Also adds tags to git repositories of sim-recon and hdds.
  • For XML file creation, the file will be written out to /group/halld/data_monitoring/run_conditions/ if the user is gxprojN (used for offline monitoring). If not, to avoid general users adding things to the above directory, the output files will be the current directory.
  • To write out the versions of each package, environment variables such as HDDS_HOME will need to be set.
  • Versions for each software package are extracted using the directory structure, so if these are changed the scripts must change accordingly.
  • For each launch, the output soft_comm_[RUNPERIOD]_ver[VER].xml file should be checked that all version numbers have been extracted.
  • Called by the "add" option of
  • Takes in config file name, optionally set verbose
  • Return a dictionary between config parameter names and values (e.g., 'PROJECT' : 'gluex', 'NCORES' : 6, ...)
  • Prints the config parameters at the end. For parameters changed from default, a '*' will be printed
  • Called by the "details" option of
  • Takes in workflow name, run and file. Run and file must be numbers, no wildcards
  • Finds ids for jobs specified by the run and file number and returns info on each one
  • Job info is retrieved from pbs farm system and shows configuration parameters for that job
  • Called within
  • Takes in XML output from SWIF and creates 2 plots
  • Creates html table showing results of jobs by resources requested for that job
  • This table is shown under "Status by Resources" in the output html file of summary [workflow]
  • Called within
  • Takes in XML output from SWIF and creates 2 plots
  • Plots are dependency time and pending time of each job, ordered by submission.
  • Different colors represent jobs submitted at different times. For jobs submitted at the same time, jobs are ordered in increasing time.
  • Called within
  • Takes in XML output from SWIF and creates 2 plots
  • Plots show total job time divided into colors for different stages
  • One shows all jobs in order of Auger ID (roughly submission order), the other one shows in order of total job time
  • The jobs show at a glance which stage contributes how much of the job's time

Utility scripts

file name Description
  • Independent of all other scripts in hdswif directory
  • When diagnosing problems it is useful to check the stderr/stdout files. Frequently, different problems are easier to find based on the size of stderr files
  • Takes in run period and version as arguments, creates a directory /volatile/halld/offline_monitoring/RunPeriod-[RUNPERIOD]/ver[VER]/log/bysize that contains soft links to all stdout and stderr files from the specified launch, in separate directories given by stderr file size.

cross_analysis scripts

Summary: The script is the main script. In principle, running this with
should work, but it is recommended that the commands within the script

be run by hand to catch any errors.

file name Description
  • Main script to call other Python scripts.
  • Takes in run period and version as arguments and runs cross analysis
  • Creates MySQL table for current launch that is used by other scripts
  • Takes run period and version as input, and creates table cross_analysis_table_[RUNPERIOD]_ver[VERSION]
  • Create a row in the html table showing the overall statistics of final states and problems for a launch
  • The final states are "Success", and "Segfault". "Success" includes all jobs that had problems but still finished with Success.
  • The problems are "Over Limit", "Timeout", and "System". If any of these occurred for any attempt of the job they are counted.
  • The script creates a new html table row for the current launch. This html snippet is inserted into the web-accessible file showing the results
  • Create html tables showing the status of each file against different launch versions.
  • Takes in run period, min version, max version and shows final result and problems for all versions in between
  • Different final results and problems are shown by combinations of ext content, olor coding of text, background color
  • Create plots showing correlation of resources between different launches for each file.
  • Takes in run period, min version, version of interest. Points are shown only for files included in version of interest
  • Creates plots for CPU time, Wall time, memory, virtual memory, #events, difference in #events, time to copy input evio file, time to run plugin